JavaFX How to set scene background image


Question

How can I set the background image of a scene?

1
37
3/16/2012 1:28:19 PM

One of the approaches may be like this:

1) Create a CSS file with name "style.css" and define an id selector in it:

#pane{
    -fx-background-image: url("background_image.jpg");
    -fx-background-repeat: stretch;   
    -fx-background-size: 900 506;
    -fx-background-position: center center;
    -fx-effect: dropshadow(three-pass-box, black, 30, 0.5, 0, 0); 
}

2) Set the id of the most top control (or any control) in the scene with value defined in CSS and load this CSS file into the scene:

  public class Test extends Application {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        launch(args);
    }

    @Override
    public void start(Stage primaryStage) {
        StackPane root = new StackPane();
        root.setId("pane");
        Scene scene = new Scene(root, 300, 250);
        scene.getStylesheets().addAll(this.getClass().getResource("style.css").toExternalForm());
        primaryStage.setScene(scene);
        primaryStage.show();
    }
}

You can also give an id to the control in a FXML file:

<StackPane id="pane" prefHeight="200" prefWidth="320" xmlns:fx="http://javafx.com/fxml" fx:controller="demo.Sample">
    <children>
    </children>
</StackPane>

For more info about JavaFX CSS Styling refer to this guide.

37
3/16/2012 3:03:43 PM

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