InvocationTargetException when running a javafx program


Question

So this worked in the example from javafx when My pc had jdk 1.7.0 so this may be the new version of FX in java8 however;

I get a nice stack-trace

jfx-project-run:
Executing E:\workspace\PathFinderApp\dist\run1095471771\PathFinderApp.jar using platform C:\Program Files\Java\jdk1.8.0\jre/bin/java
Exception in Application start method
java.lang.reflect.InvocationTargetException
    at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
    at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:62)
    at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43)
    at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:483)
    at com.sun.javafx.application.LauncherImpl.launchApplicationWithArgs(LauncherImpl.java:367)
    at com.sun.javafx.application.LauncherImpl.launchApplication(LauncherImpl.java:305)
    at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
    at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:62)
    at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43)
    at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:483)
    at sun.launcher.LauncherHelper$FXHelper.main(LauncherHelper.java:767)
Caused by: java.lang.RuntimeException: Exception in Application start method
    at com.sun.javafx.application.LauncherImpl.launchApplication1(LauncherImpl.java:894)
    at com.sun.javafx.application.LauncherImpl.access$000(LauncherImpl.java:56)
    at com.sun.javafx.application.LauncherImpl$1.run(LauncherImpl.java:158)
    at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:744)
Caused by: javafx.fxml.LoadException: 
file:/E:/workspace/PathFinderApp/dist/run1095471771/PathFinderApp.jar!/com/rpg/gui/main.fxml:11

    at javafx.fxml.FXMLLoader.constructLoadException(FXMLLoader.java:2617)
    at javafx.fxml.FXMLLoader.access$700(FXMLLoader.java:104)
    at javafx.fxml.FXMLLoader$ValueElement.processAttribute(FXMLLoader.java:937)
    at javafx.fxml.FXMLLoader$InstanceDeclarationElement.processAttribute(FXMLLoader.java:976)
    at javafx.fxml.FXMLLoader$Element.processStartElement(FXMLLoader.java:216)
    at javafx.fxml.FXMLLoader$ValueElement.processStartElement(FXMLLoader.java:738)
    at javafx.fxml.FXMLLoader.processStartElement(FXMLLoader.java:2723)
    at javafx.fxml.FXMLLoader.loadImpl(FXMLLoader.java:2527)
    at javafx.fxml.FXMLLoader.loadImpl(FXMLLoader.java:2441)
    at javafx.fxml.FXMLLoader.loadImpl(FXMLLoader.java:3230)
    at javafx.fxml.FXMLLoader.loadImpl(FXMLLoader.java:3191)
    at javafx.fxml.FXMLLoader.loadImpl(FXMLLoader.java:3164)
    at javafx.fxml.FXMLLoader.loadImpl(FXMLLoader.java:3140)
    at javafx.fxml.FXMLLoader.loadImpl(FXMLLoader.java:3120)
    at javafx.fxml.FXMLLoader.load(FXMLLoader.java:3113)
    at com.rpg.gui.GUI.loadMainPane(GUI.java:34)
    at com.rpg.gui.GUI.initialize(GUI.java:20)
    at Main.start(Main.java:20)
    at com.sun.javafx.application.LauncherImpl$8.run(LauncherImpl.java:837)
    at com.sun.javafx.application.PlatformImpl$7.run(PlatformImpl.java:335)
    at com.sun.javafx.application.PlatformImpl$6$1.run(PlatformImpl.java:301)
    at com.sun.javafx.application.PlatformImpl$6$1.run(PlatformImpl.java:298)
    at java.security.AccessController.doPrivileged(Native Method)
    at com.sun.javafx.application.PlatformImpl$6.run(PlatformImpl.java:298)
    at com.sun.glass.ui.InvokeLaterDispatcher$Future.run(InvokeLaterDispatcher.java:95)
    at com.sun.glass.ui.win.WinApplication._runLoop(Native Method)
    at com.sun.glass.ui.win.WinApplication.access$300(WinApplication.java:39)
    at com.sun.glass.ui.win.WinApplication$4$1.run(WinApplication.java:112)
    ... 1 more
Caused by: java.lang.InstantiationException: com.rpg.gui.MainController
    at java.lang.Class.newInstance(Class.java:418)
    at sun.reflect.misc.ReflectUtil.newInstance(ReflectUtil.java:51)
    at javafx.fxml.FXMLLoader$ValueElement.processAttribute(FXMLLoader.java:932)
    ... 26 more
Caused by: java.lang.NoSuchMethodException: com.rpg.gui.MainController.<init>()
    at java.lang.Class.getConstructor0(Class.java:2971)
    at java.lang.Class.newInstance(Class.java:403)
    ... 28 more
Exception running application Main
Java Result: 1

basically telling me something is wrong here "com/rpg/gui/main.fxml:11"

and that line is

<AnchorPane id="AnchorPane" prefHeight="400.0" prefWidth="600.0" xmlns:fx="http://javafx.com/fxml" fx:controller="com.rpg.gui.MainController">

so I can figure out that it doesn't like something to do with the main controller, so it has to be somthing to do with loading the fxml and the controller right? but thats about where my ideas end

MainController mainController = new MainController(path);
Pane mainPane = FXMLLoader.load(getClass().getResource("main.fxml"));
Window.setMainController(mainController);
Window.swap(path+"content.fxml");

that's the method it throws everything in anyone experienced in javaFX or know of any changes in java8 that'd do this??

1
19
4/17/2014 11:48:16 AM

Accepted Answer

Your MainController doesn't have a zero-argument constructor. If the FXMLLoader encounters a fx:controller attribute on the root element, it attempts to create an instance of that controller by (effectively) calling the zero-argument constructor of the class specified in the attribute.

To fix this (the simplest way), remove the fx:controller attribute from the FXML file, and set the controller "by hand" on the FXMLLoader. You need to create an FXMLLoader instance instead of relying on the static load(...) method:

FXMLLoader loader = new FXMLLoader(getClass().getResource("main.fxml"));
loader.setController(new MainController(path));
Pane mainPane = loader.load();
17
1/6/2017 10:19:47 PM

I faced the same problem and want to share a little bit related to it. I'm using java 8 and Netbeans 8.1 and when I created a javafx FXML Application I got this one.
Here are some tips:

  1. When you create new project clean and build your project before you try to run.
  2. If you rename any file (controller, fxml) IDE do not apply changes to other files at least Netbeans is not doing so. So, you have to change those file names in other files manually.
  3. You can define controller either in fxml file or in main class. If you want to define controller in main class use the method described by @James_D. If you want to define in fxml file than use fx:controller attribute as

     fx:controller="yourProjectName.yourFXMLDocumentControllerName"
    

    and in main class reference it as

    Parent root = FXMLLoader.load(getClass().getResource("yourFXMLFileName.fxml"));
    
  4. If you think everything is correct but you still getting the error clean and build your project again and try to run.

Hope it would help someone.


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