What is wrong with my syntax calling a stylesheet (css) from an FXML file?


Question

I am working in NetBeans 8, with Java 8 / JavaFX and FXML.

In the first controller (an AnchorPane) in my FXML document, I have this, that works:

stylesheets="file:///C:/Users/me/Documents/NetBeansProjects/MyApp/src/myApp/myStyle.css"

However, when I attempt to replace that with any type of relative path, I get the following error at runtime:

com.sun.javafx.css.StyleManager loadStylesheetUnPrivileged
WARNING: Resource "myStyle.css" not found.

I tried

stylesheets="myStyle.css"
stylesheets="file://myStyle.css"
stylesheets="./myStyle.css"
stylesheets="css/myStyle.css"

(where I put a copy of the css file in a subdirectory from where it was)

...and maybe 50 other permutations. Every time I get the same error.

The reason I care is that I am having a second problem. In the first version, that works on my machine... when I take my jar file to another machine, the css is not applied when the application is run... It's like the resource file isn't copied.

Help?

Thanks!

-Adeena

1
4
2/26/2014 2:00:24 PM

Accepted Answer

Let me consider your project structure as follows

MyApp
  |
  |_ src
      |
      |_controllers (Controllers)
      |_view (FXML)
      |_style (css)
          |_myStyle.css

You can specific the relative path in the FXML using

<stylesheets>
   <URL value="@../style/myStyle.css" />
</stylesheets>

In your controller, you can add it as follows

layout.getStylesheets().add(getClass().
         getResource("/style/myStyle.css")).toExternalForm();
5
2/26/2014 5:06:37 PM

This is how it works for me:

<?import java.net.*?>

<fx:root type="javafx.scene.layout.BorderPane" ... xmlns:fx="http://javafx.com/fxml">
  <stylesheets>
    <URL value="@myStyle.css" />
  </stylesheets>
</fx:root>

The css file is in the same package (folder) as the FXML. Also my root happens to be <fx:root>, I expect it to work the same for your <AnchorPane>.

Check out the docs, search for "Location Resolution" for details.


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