In order transition on ImageView in JavaFX


Question

I have already looked at How to wait for a transition to end in javafx 2.1? but it doesn't quite solve my problem.

I have a List of ImageView objects, and I want to iterate through this List and perform the following actions on each 'slide' of the List:

  1. fade in
  2. stay for a few seconds
  3. fade out

I have the following code in place but since the transition is asynchronous, the loop applies the transition to all the 'slides' at the same time:

// The method I am running in my class

public void start() {

    for (ImageView slide : slides) {

        SequentialTransition sequentialTransition = new SequentialTransition();

        FadeTransition fadeIn = Transition.getFadeTransition(slide, 0.0, 1.0, 2000);
        FadeTransition stayOn = Transition.getFadeTransition(slide, 1.0, 1.0, 2000);
        FadeTransition fadeOut = Transition.getFadeTransition(slide, 1.0, 0.0, 2000);

        sequentialTransition.getChildren().addAll(fadeIn, stayOn, fadeOut);               
        this.root.getChildren().add(slide);            
        sequentialTransition.play();

    }
}

// the method in the Transition helper class:

public static FadeTransition getFadeTransition(ImageView imageView, double fromValue, double toValue, int durationInMilliseconds) {

    FadeTransition ft = new FadeTransition(Duration.millis(durationInMilliseconds), imageView);
    ft.setFromValue(fromValue);
    ft.setToValue(toValue);

    return ft;

}

Any ideas on how I can animate these List of ImageView objects one by one (irrespective of the number of ImageViews there are on the List, so I do not want to hard code it). Thanks.

1
5
5/23/2017 12:17:45 PM

Accepted Answer

So, the obivous fix to this would be to use a surrounding SequentialTransition for your SequentialTransitions that plays those Transitions, well, sequentially instead of all at once:

public void start() {

    SequentialTransition slideshow = new SequentialTransition();

    for (ImageView slide : slides) {

        SequentialTransition sequentialTransition = new SequentialTransition();

        FadeTransition fadeIn = Transition.getFadeTransition(slide, 0.0, 1.0, 2000);
        FadeTransition stayOn = Transition.getFadeTransition(slide, 1.0, 1.0, 2000);
        FadeTransition fadeOut = Transition.getFadeTransition(slide, 1.0, 0.0, 2000);

        sequentialTransition.getChildren().addAll(fadeIn, stayOn, fadeOut);               
        this.root.getChildren().add(slide);            
        slideshow.getChildren().add(sequentialTransition);

    }
    slideshow.play();
}

Second, you should use PauseTransition instead of a FadeTransition that interpolates from 1.0 to 1.0.

A full example application of this could look like this:

package slideshow;

import javafx.animation.FadeTransition;
import javafx.animation.PauseTransition;
import javafx.animation.SequentialTransition;
import javafx.application.Application;
import javafx.scene.Scene;
import javafx.scene.image.Image;
import javafx.scene.image.ImageView;
import javafx.scene.layout.StackPane;
import javafx.stage.Stage;
import javafx.util.Duration;

public class SimpleSlideShowTest extends Application{

  class SimpleSlideShow {

    StackPane root = new StackPane();
    ImageView[] slides;

    public SimpleSlideShow() {
      this.slides = new ImageView[4];
      Image image1 = new Image(SlideShowTest.class.getResource("pic1").toExternalForm());
      Image image2 = new Image(SlideShowTest.class.getResource("pic2").toExternalForm());
      Image image3 = new Image(SlideShowTest.class.getResource("pic3").toExternalForm());
      Image image4 = new Image(SlideShowTest.class.getResource("pic4").toExternalForm());
      slides[0] = new ImageView(image1);
      slides[1] = new ImageView(image2);
      slides[2] = new ImageView(image3);
      slides[3] = new ImageView(image4);

    }

    public StackPane getRoot() {
      return root;
    }

    // The method I am running in my class

    public void start() {

      SequentialTransition slideshow = new SequentialTransition();

      for (ImageView slide : slides) {

        SequentialTransition sequentialTransition = new SequentialTransition();

        FadeTransition fadeIn = getFadeTransition(slide, 0.0, 1.0, 2000);
        PauseTransition stayOn = new PauseTransition(Duration.millis(2000));
        FadeTransition fadeOut = getFadeTransition(slide, 1.0, 0.0, 2000);

        sequentialTransition.getChildren().addAll(fadeIn, stayOn, fadeOut);
        slide.setOpacity(0);
        this.root.getChildren().add(slide);
        slideshow.getChildren().add(sequentialTransition);

      }
      slideshow.play();
    }

// the method in the Transition helper class:

    public FadeTransition getFadeTransition(ImageView imageView, double fromValue, double toValue, int durationInMilliseconds) {

      FadeTransition ft = new FadeTransition(Duration.millis(durationInMilliseconds), imageView);
      ft.setFromValue(fromValue);
      ft.setToValue(toValue);

      return ft;

    }
  }

  public static void main(String[] args) {
    launch(args);
  }

  @Override
  public void start(Stage primaryStage) throws Exception {
    SimpleSlideShow simpleSlideShow = new SimpleSlideShow();
    Scene scene = new Scene(simpleSlideShow.getRoot());
    primaryStage.setScene(scene);
    primaryStage.show();
    simpleSlideShow.start();
  }
}
4
7/10/2013 8:00:39 AM

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