JavaFX Exception in thread "main" java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: javafx/application/Application


Question

I'm getting this error

Exception in thread "main" java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: javafx/application/Ap
plication
        at java.lang.ClassLoader.defineClass1(Native Method)
        at java.lang.ClassLoader.defineClass(Unknown Source)
        at java.security.SecureClassLoader.defineClass(Unknown Source)
        at java.net.URLClassLoader.defineClass(Unknown Source)
        at java.net.URLClassLoader.access$100(Unknown Source)
        at java.net.URLClassLoader$1.run(Unknown Source)
        at java.net.URLClassLoader$1.run(Unknown Source)
        at java.security.AccessController.doPrivileged(Native Method)
        at java.net.URLClassLoader.findClass(Unknown Source)
        at java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClass(Unknown Source)
        at sun.misc.Launcher$AppClassLoader.loadClass(Unknown Source)
        at java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClass(Unknown Source)
        at sun.launcher.LauncherHelper.checkAndLoadMain(Unknown Source)
Caused by: java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: javafx.application.Application
        at java.net.URLClassLoader$1.run(Unknown Source)
        at java.net.URLClassLoader$1.run(Unknown Source)
        at java.security.AccessController.doPrivileged(Native Method)
        at java.net.URLClassLoader.findClass(Unknown Source)
        at java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClass(Unknown Source)
        at sun.misc.Launcher$AppClassLoader.loadClass(Unknown Source)
        at java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClass(Unknown Source)
        ... 13 more

When trying to run my class file, this is the source

import javafx.application.Application;
import javafx.fxml.FXMLLoader;
import javafx.scene.Parent;
import javafx.scene.Scene;
import javafx.stage.Stage;

import java.util.concurrent.Executor;

public class TestApplication extends Application{

    @Override
    public void start(Stage stage) throws Exception {
        new TestApplication();
    }

    public TestApplication() {
        try{
            final Parent root = FXMLLoader.load(Executor.class.getResource("test.fxml"));
            final Stage stage = new Stage(){{
                setScene(new Scene(root, 300, 250));
                setTitle("Test");
                setResizable(false);
                show();
            }};
        }catch(Exception e){
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
}

The fxml file contains a simple gui.

1
24
8/3/2013 5:27:44 PM

I've worked on this very same issue for the past few hours. Even though I haven't seen it written explicitly, it appears that you MUST use one of the JavaFX packaging tools, which is either an Ant task or the javafxpackager executable. (See http://docs.oracle.com/javafx/2/deployment/packaging.htm, section 5.3.1). The NetBeans IDE uses Ant to package the code. (I'm using IntelliJ)

When you use one of those packaging methods, in addition to all of your application's code and resources, it also adds the following to your output JAR file:

/com/javafx/main/Main$1.class
/com/javafx/main/Main$2.class
/com/javafx/main/Main.class
/com/javafx/main/NoJavaFXFallback.class

With these in place, you can run the app from the command line:

java -jar outjar.jar

and all works fine. If I remove the extra com.javafx.main files, the app does not run.

To double-check this, I looked at all four JAR files in the JavaFX samples (BrickBreaker, Ensemble, FXML-LoginDemo, and SwingInterop). They all have the "extra" files, too.

For my small test app, I used this command line to build an "executable" JAR file:

javafxpackager -createjar -appclass sample.Main -outfile outjar -v -nocss2bin -srcdir C:\workspaces\garoup1\out\production\javafx1

Hope this helps!

13
8/20/2013 8:07:41 PM

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