javafx column in tableview auto fit size


afaik The TableView in javafx have 2 column resize policies: CONSTRAINED_RESIZE_POLICY and UNCONSTRAINED_RESIZE_POLICY, but I want columns is resized to fit the content of theirs cells I think it's a simple problem in other platform (like datagridview in C#) but can not resolve

2/1/2013 4:31:00 PM

Accepted Answer

After 3 years I come back to this problem again, some suggestions are calculating the size of text of data in each cell (it's complicated depending on font size, font family, padding...)

But I realize that when I click on the divider on table header, it's resized fit to content as I want. So I dig into JavaFX source code I finally found resizeColumnToFitContent method in TableViewSkin, but it is protected method, we can resolve by reflection:

import javafx.scene.control.Skin;
import javafx.scene.control.TableColumn;
import javafx.scene.control.TableView;
import java.lang.reflect.InvocationTargetException;
import java.lang.reflect.Method;

public class GUIUtils {
    private static Method columnToFitMethod;

    static {
        try {
            columnToFitMethod = TableViewSkin.class.getDeclaredMethod("resizeColumnToFitContent", TableColumn.class, int.class);
        } catch (NoSuchMethodException e) {

    public static void autoFitTable(TableView tableView) {
        tableView.getItems().addListener(new ListChangeListener<Object>() {
            public void onChanged(Change<?> c) {
                for (Object column : tableView.getColumns()) {
                    try {
                        columnToFitMethod.invoke(tableView.getSkin(), column, -1);
                    } catch (IllegalAccessException | InvocationTargetException e) {

Note that we call "tableView.getItems()" so we have to call this function after setItems()

7/31/2016 5:02:47 PM

After testing the previous solutions I finally found one that worked for me. So here is mine (call the method after inserting the data into table):

public static void autoResizeColumns( TableView<?> table )
    //Set the right policy
    table.setColumnResizePolicy( TableView.UNCONSTRAINED_RESIZE_POLICY);
    table.getColumns().stream().forEach( (column) ->
        //Minimal width = columnheader
        Text t = new Text( column.getText() );
        double max = t.getLayoutBounds().getWidth();
        for ( int i = 0; i < table.getItems().size(); i++ )
            //cell must not be empty
            if ( column.getCellData( i ) != null )
                t = new Text( column.getCellData( i ).toString() );
                double calcwidth = t.getLayoutBounds().getWidth();
                //remember new max-width
                if ( calcwidth > max )
                    max = calcwidth;
        //set the new max-widht with some extra space
        column.setPrefWidth( max + 10.0d );
    } );

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