How to access the Scrollbars of a ScrollPane


Question

I'm trying to get some information about the ScrollBar components that are by standard included in a ScrollPane. Especially i'm interested in reading the height of the horizontal Scrollbar. How can i reference it?

1
6
4/30/2019 11:06:16 AM

Accepted Answer

Since the mentioned methods did not work for everybody (including me), I investigated it a bit more and found the source of the problem.

In general, both methods work, but only as soon as the ScrollPane's skin property has been set. In my case, skin was still null after loading my view using FXMLLoader.

By delaying the call in case the skin property has not been initialized (using a one-shot listener) solves the problem.

Working boiler-plate code:

ScrollPane scrollPane;
// ...
if (scrollPane.getSkin() == null) {
    // Skin is not yet attached, wait until skin is attached to access the scroll bars
    ChangeListener<Skin<?>> skinChangeListener = new ChangeListener<Skin<?>>() {
        @Override
        public void changed(ObservableValue<? extends Skin<?>> observable, Skin<?> oldValue, Skin<?> newValue) {
            scrollPane.skinProperty().removeListener(this);
            accessScrollBar(scrollPane);
        }
    };
    scrollPane.skinProperty().addListener(skinChangeListener);
} else {
    // Skin is already attached, just access the scroll bars
    accessScrollBar(scrollPane);
}

private void accessScrollBar(ScrollPane scrollPane) {
    for (Node node : scrollPane.lookupAll(".scroll-bar")) {
        if (node instanceof ScrollBar) {
            ScrollBar scrollBar = (ScrollBar) node;
            if (scrollBar.getOrientation() == Orientation.HORIZONTAL) {
                // Do something with the horizontal scroll bar

                // Example 1: Print scrollbar height
                // System.out.println(scrollBar.heightProperty().get());

                // Example 2: Listen to visibility changes
                // scrollBar.visibleProperty().addListener((observable, oldValue, newValue) -> {
                //     if(newValue) {
                //         // Do something when scrollbar gets visible
                //     } else {
                //         // Do something when scrollbar gets hidden
                //     }
                // });
            }
            if (scrollBar.getOrientation() == Orientation.VERTICAL) {
                // Do something with the vertical scroll bar
            }

        }
    }
}
3
4/30/2019 11:47:35 AM

I think you can use the lookupAll() method of the Node class for find the scroll bars. http://docs.oracle.com/javafx/2/api/javafx/scene/Node.html#lookupAll(java.lang.String)

For example:

package com.test;

import java.util.Set;
import javafx.application.Application;
import javafx.geometry.Orientation;
import javafx.scene.Node;
import javafx.scene.Scene;
import javafx.scene.control.ScrollBar;
import javafx.scene.control.ScrollPane;
import javafx.scene.control.ScrollPaneBuilder;
import javafx.scene.text.Text;
import javafx.scene.text.TextBuilder;
import javafx.stage.Stage;

public class JavaFxScrollPaneTest extends Application {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        launch(args);
    }

    @Override
    public void start(Stage primaryStage) {
        String longString = "The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog. The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog. The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog.";
        Text longText = TextBuilder.create().text(longString).build();

        ScrollPane scrollPane = ScrollPaneBuilder.create().content(longText).build();
        primaryStage.setScene(new Scene(scrollPane, 400, 100));
        primaryStage.show();

        Set<Node> nodes = scrollPane.lookupAll(".scroll-bar");
        for (final Node node : nodes) {
            if (node instanceof ScrollBar) {
                ScrollBar sb = (ScrollBar) node;
                if (sb.getOrientation() == Orientation.HORIZONTAL) {
                    System.out.println("horizontal scrollbar visible = " + sb.isVisible());
                    System.out.println("width = " + sb.getWidth());
                    System.out.println("height = " + sb.getHeight());
                }
            }
        }
    }
}

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